Details

Title

Synthesis of Natural Phenolic Compound Contained Alkaline Phenolic Foundry Resin and Its Performance Evaluation on Casting

Journal title

Archives of Foundry Engineering

Yearbook

2021

Volume

vo. 21

Numer

No 2

Affiliation

Güvendik, A.E. : Çukurova Kimya Endüstrisi A.Ş., Turkey ; Ay, K. : Manisa Celal Bayar University, Turkey

Authors

Keywords

Phenolic resins ; Lignin ; Sustainability ; Foundry ; No-Bake

Divisions of PAS

Nauki Techniczne

Coverage

46-56

Publisher

The Katowice Branch of the Polish Academy of Sciences

Bibliography

[1] Pilato, L. (2010). Phenolic Resins: A century of progress (pp. 451-502). Germany Berlin: Springer Verlag. [2] Bindernagel, E. (1983). Molding sands and molding processes in foundry engineering (in German). Germany Dusseldorf: Giesserei-Verlag.
[3] Dressler, H. (1994). Resorcinol/formaldehyde resins-adhesives for wood, and other nonrubber applications. In: Resorcinol. (pp.85-124). Topics in Applied Chemistry. Springer, Boston, MA.
[4] Danielson, B. & Simonson, R. (1998). Kraft lignin in phenol formaldehyde resin. Part 1-2. Evaluation of an industrial trial. Journal of Adhesion Science and Technology. 12(9), 941-946. https://doi.org/10.1163/156856198X00551.
[5] Ramires, E.C. & Frollini, E. (2012). Tannin-phenolic resins: Synthesis, characterization, and application as matrix in biobased composites reinforced with sisal fibers. Composites: Part B. 43, 2851-2860. DOI: 10.1016/j.compositesb.2012.04.049.
[6] Sellers Jr., T. & Miller Jr., G.D. (2004). Laboratory manufacture of high moisture southern pine strandboard bonded with three tannin adhesive types. Forest Products Journal. 54(12), 296-301. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00107-014-0797-5.
[7] Pizzi, A., Horak, R.M., Ferreiraand, D., Roux, R.D. (1979). Condensates of phenol, resorcinol, phloroglucinol and pyrogallol, as flavonoids A-and B-rings model compounds with formaldehyde, Part 2. Cell. Chem. Technol. 13, 753-762. https://doi.org/10.1002/app.1979.070240618
[8] Fross, K.G. & Fuhrmann, A. (1979). Finnish plywood, partially cleboard, and fiberboard made with a lignin-base adhesive. Forest Products Journal. 29(7), 39-43.
[9] Falkehag, S.I. (1975). Lignin in materials, Applied Pol. Symp. 28, 247-257.
[10] Kuo, M., Hse, C.Y. & Huang, D.H. (1991). Alkali treated kraft lignin as a component in flakeboard resins. Holzforschung. 45(1), 47-54. DOI: 10.1515/hfsg.1991.45.1.47.
[11] Rubio, A., Virginia, M. (2004). Formulation and curing of "resol" type phenol-formaldehyde resins with partial substitution of phenol by modified lignosulfonates.(in Spanish) Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Servicio de Publicaciones.
[12] Ungureanu, E., Ungureanu, O., Capraru, A.M. & Popa, V.I. (2009). Chemical modification and characterization of straw lignin. Cellulose Chemistry & Technology. 43(7-8), 263-269.
[13] Kerns, W.D., Pavkov, K.L., Donofrio, D.J., Gralla, E.J. & Swenberg, J.A. (1983). Carcinogenicity of formaldehyde in rats and mice after long-term inhalation exposure. Cancer Research. 43, 4382-4392.
[14] Mäkinen, M., Kalliokoski, P. & Kangas, J. (1999). Assessment of total exposure to phenol-formaldehyde resin glue in plywood manufacturing. International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health. 72, 309-314. https://doi.org/10.1007/s004200050380.
[15] Nordman, H., Keskinen, H. & Tuppurainen, M. (1985). Formaldehyde asthma-rare or overlooked? Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology. 75, 91-99. https://doi.org/10.1016/0091-6749(85)90018-1.
[16] Khan, S. (2012). Fossil Fuel and the Environment, chapter 8: Singh, B.R. and O. Singh, O. Global trends of fossil fuel reserves and climate change in the 21st century, InTech, India.
[17] Hock, H. & Lang, S. (1944). Auto-oxidation of hydrocarbons, IX. Notice: About peroxides of benzene derivatives. Berichte der Deutschen Chemischen Gesellschaft (A and B Series), 77, 257-264. (in German).
[18] Monni, J., Rainio, J. & Pakkanen, T.T. (2007). Novel two-stage phenol formaldehyde resol resin synthesis. Journal of Applied Polymer Science. 103, 371-379. https://doi.org/10.1002/app.24615.
[19] Knop, A. & Pilato, L.A. (1985). Phenolic Resins-Chemistry, Applications and Performance. (pp. 25-35), XV, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 3-540-15039-0.
[20] Kuhn, H. (2000).Vol 8 Mechanical Testing and Evalution. ASM Handbook, 9th ed., US: ASM International.
[21] Moulding sands, moulding and core sand mixtures. Methods for determination of compressive, tensile, bending and shearing strength,(in Russian) Russian Standards, GOST 23409.7-78.
[22] Bouajila, J., Raffin, G., Alamercery, S., Waton, H., Sanglar, C. & Grenier-Loustalot, M.F. (2003). Phenolic resins (IV). Thermal degradation of crosslinked resins in controlled atmospheres. Polymers & Polymer Composites. 11(5), 345-357. https://doi.org/10.1177/096739110301100501.
[23] Stephanou, A. & Pizzi, A. (1993). Rapid-curing lignin-based exterior wood adhesives; Part II: Esters acceleration mechanism and application to panel products. Holzforschung-International Journal of the Biology, Chemistry, Physics and Technology of Wood. 47(6), 501-506. DOI: 10.1515/hfsg.1993.47.6.501.
[24] Lei, H., Pizzi, A., Despres, A., Pasch, H. & Guanben Du. (2005). Ester Acceleration Mechanisms in Phenol-Formaldehyde Resin Adhesives. Journal of Applied Polymer Science. 100, 3075-3093. https://doi.org/10.1002/app.23714.
[25] Mocek, J. (2019). Multiparameter Assessment of the Gas Forming Tendency of Foundry Sands with Alkyd Resins. Archives of Foundry Engineering. 19(2), 41-48. DOI: 10.24425/afe.2019.127114.
[26] Wrona, R. (2015). The Sources of Surface Defects in Castings Produced in Automated Process Lines. Archives of Foundry Engineering. 15(4), 91-94. DOI: 10.1515/afe-2015-0086.

Date

2021.06.09

Type

Article

Identifier

DOI: 10.24425/afe.2021.136097

Source

Archives of Foundry Engineering; 2021; vo. 21; Ahead of print
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